Adjusting Entries

Adjusting entries are made to update the accounts in an accounting system. Some accounts are not up-to-date hence requiring adjustments to get them to their correct balances.

Adjusting entries are prepared at the end of the accounting period for: accrual of income, accrual of expenses, deferrals, prepayments, depreciation, and allowances.

This chapter will teach you everything about adjusting entries.

You will learn the different types of adjusting entries and how to prepare them. You will also learn the second trial balance prepared in the accounting cycle – the "adjusted trial balance".

Lesson 1

Introduction to Adjusting Journal Entries

Learn the purpose and different types of adjusting entries. There are at least six types of adjusting entries that are prepared at the end of the accounting period. Read more..
Lesson 2

Adjusting Entry for Accrued Income

Accrued income refers to income already earned but not yet received. Since it is earned, the company should properly include it as income. Read more..
Lesson 3

Adjusting Entry for Accrued Expense

Accrued expenses are expenses already incurred but not yet paid. Since they should be included as expense, the company should make necessary adjusting entries to recognize them. Read more..
Lesson 4

Adjusting Entry for Unearned Income

Unearned income, also called deferred income or revenue, refers to income already collected but not yet earned. These are to be properly classified as liabilities, not income. There are two methods in recording deferrals: the income method and the liability method. Read more..
Lesson 5

Adjusting Entry for Prepaid Expense

Prepaid expenses are those paid in advance. In other words, these are expenses not yet incurred but have already been paid. There are two methods in recording prepayments: the expense method and the asset method. Read more..
Lesson 6

Depreciation Expense

Adjusting entries are also prepared for depreciation. Depreciation is the process of allocating the cost of a fixed asset over its useful life. Read more..
Lesson 7

Bad Debts Expense

Receivables should be presented in the balance sheet at net realizable value. Allowances for uncollectible accounts or bad debts are measured and recognized at the end of the accounting period. Read more..
Lesson 8

Adjusted Trial Balance

An adjusted trial balance is prepared after adjusting entries are made and posted to the ledger. This is the second trial balance prepared in the accounting cycle. Read more..
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