The preparation of financial statements is easy once you've mastered the accounting elements and know the different accounts that comprise them. Most businesses today have automated accounting systems where financial statements can be prepared with a few clicks of a button.
However, as accountants we need to really understand how are made. This way, we will be able to interpret and appreciate financial statements better.
In this chapter, we will continue the illustration from the previous chapters and take a step-by-step approach in preparing the financial statements of the company we set up. We will work on the first three financial statements.
The preparation of a statement of cash flows require a deeper understanding of accounting theories, hence will be discussed in advanced lessons. Notes to financial statements provide qualitative, quantitative, and financial information to supplement the financial statements.
A complete set of financial statements comprises: (1) an income statement, recent standards now require a statement of comprehensive income, (2) a statement of changes in equity, (3) a balance sheet, also known as statement of financial position, (4) a statement of cash flows, and (5) notes to financial statements or supplementary notes.
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